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Raksha Bandhan

Raksha Bandhan

Interesting Facts about India every Indian should know

Interesting Facts about India every Indian should know

History of 15th August Independence Day


In 1857 struggle for India's Independence began

In 1857 struggle for India
In 1857 struggle for India's Independence began



The struggle for India's Independence began in the year 1857 with the Sepoy Mutiny in Meerut. Later, in the 20th century, the Indian National Congress and other political organizations, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, launched a countrywide independence movement. With their Colonial powers which were transferred to India on August 15, 1947.

"Tryst with Destiny" speech given by our first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

"Tryst with Destiny" speech given by our first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
"Tryst with Destiny" speech given by our first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru



The Constituent Assembly, to who power was to be transferred, met to celebrate India's independence at 11pm on August 14, 1947. India gained its liberty and became a free country at midnight between August 14 and August 15, 1947. It was then that the free India's first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru gave his famous "Tryst with Destiny" speech. People across India are reminded of the meaning of this event - that it marked the start of a new era of deliverance from the British colonialism that took place in India for more than 200 years.

Indian Freedom Fighters Struggled to give us independence

Indian Freedom Fighters Struggled to give us independence
Indian Freedom Fighters Struggled to give us independence



Many people had to struggle a lot to get independence Bhagat Singh, Neta ji Subhash Chandra Bose, Tipu Sultan, Zhansi Ki Rani are some of the heroes of our freedom Struggle. They had to give their lives to win freedom for us. Mahatma Gandhi also led Indian People toward independence. He used Non-violence as a major weapon. He launched “Quit India Movement “in 1942 & we got freedom in 1947.

End of British rule in 1947 celebrated as Independence Day

End of British rule in 1947 celebrated as Independence Day
End of British rule in 1947 celebrated as Independence Day



India Independence day on 15th August commemorates the end of British rule in 1947, the day is a national holiday and is celebrated all over the country.

Tricolour flag hosted at the Red fort in New Delhi

Tricolour flag hosted at the Red fort in New Delhi
Tricolour flag hosted at the Red fort in New Delhi



This day is also called when India and Pakistan were divided into two separate countries. On this day Prime Minister of India host the tricolour flag with national anthem Jana Gana Mana at the red fort in New Delhi by giving a speech and honouring the freedom fighters sacrifices.

Evolution of the tricolour India National Flag amazing fact

Evolution of the tricolour India National Flag amazing fact
Evolution of the tricolour India National Flag amazing fact



It was discovered during our national struggle for freedom. The evolution of the Indian National Flag sailed through many changes to arrive at what it is today. In one way it reflects the political developments in the nation. Some of the historical milestones in the evolution of our National Flag.

The first national flag in India is found to be hoisted on August 7, 1906

The first national flag in India is found to be hoisted on August 7, 1906
The first national flag in India is found to be hoisted on August 7, 1906



The first national flag in India is found to be hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta now Kolkata. The flag was composed of three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green.

The second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama

The second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama
The second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama



The second flag was hoisted in Paris by Madame Cama and her band of exiled revolutionaries in 1907 (according to some inl9OS). This was very similar to the first flag except that the top strip had only one lotus but seven stars denoting the Saptarishi. This flag was also exhibited at a socialist conference in Berlin.

The third flag made up in 1917

The third flag made up in 1917
The third flag made up in 1917



The third flag went up in 1917 when our political struggle had taken a definite turn. Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak hoisted it during the Home rule movement. This flag had five red and four green horizontal strips arranged alternately, with seven stars in the saptarishi configuration super-imposed on them. In the left-hand top corner (the pole end) was the Union Jack. There was also a white crescent and star in one corner.

In 1921 Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip

In 1921 Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip
In 1921 Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip



In 1921 during the session of the All India Congress Committee which met at Bezwada (now Vijayawada) an Andhra youth prepared a flag and took it to Gandhiji. It was made up of two colours-red and green-representing the two major communities i.e. Hindus and Muslims. Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip to represent the remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to symbolise progress of the Nation.

The year 1931 was a landmark in the history of the flag

The year 1931 was a landmark in the history of the flag
The year 1931 was a landmark in the history of the flag



The year 1931 was a landmark in the history of the flag. A resolution was passed adopting a tricolor flag as our national flag. This flag, the forbear of the present one, was saffron, white and green with Mahatma Gandhi's spinning wheel at the center. It was, however, clearly stated that it bore no communal significance and was to be interpreted thus.

On July 22, 1947, Assembly adopted Free India National Flag

On July 22, 1947, Assembly adopted Free India National Flag
On July 22, 1947, Assembly adopted Free India National Flag



On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly adopted it as Free India National Flag. After the advent of Independence, the colours and their significance remained the same. Only the Dharma Charkha of Emperor Asoka was adopted in place of the spinning wheel as the emblem on the flag. Thus, the tricolour flag of the Congress Party eventually became the tricolour flag of Independent India.

Colours of the Flag:

Colours of the Flag:
Colours of the Flag:



In the national flag of India the top band is of Saffron colour, indicating the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The last band is green in colour shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.

The Chakra:

The Chakra:
The Chakra:



This Dharma Chakra depicted the "wheel of the law" in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation. The most visible use of the Ashoka Chakra today is at the centre of the Flag of India adopted on 22 July 1947, where it is rendered in a navy-blue colour on a white background, replacing the symbol of charkha spinning wheel of the pre-independence versions of the flag.



Rules to fly the National Flag

Rules to fly the National Flag
Rules to fly the National Flag



-The National Flag may be hoisted in educational institutions like schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps to inspire respect for the Flag.

-A member of public, a private organization or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag.

-The Flag should be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of the weather.

-The flag cannot be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor or trail in water.

-No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag



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Omprakash Yadav

Remember this those Hero's this Independence Day, We got freedom for free they gave their blood so that we can breath in free India.

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